English

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Pupil's Work

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KS3 | KS4

Purpose of study

English is a core subject in the National Curriculum.

English is both a subject in its own right and the medium through which most other subjects are taught. Fluency in the English language is an essential foundation for success in all subjects.

A high-quality education in English will teach pupils to speak and write fluently so that they can communicate their ideas and emotions to others and through their reading and listening, others can communicate with them. Through reading in particular, pupils have a chance to develop culturally, emotionally, intellectually, socially and spiritually. Literature, especially, plays a key role in such development. Reading also enables pupils both to acquire knowledge and to build on what they already know. All the skills of language are essential to participating fully as a member of society.

Aims

The overarching aim of the English department is to promote high standards of language and literacy by equipping pupils with a strong command of the spoken and written word, and to develop their love of literature through widespread reading for enjoyment.

We aim to ensure that all pupils:

  • read easily, fluently and with good understanding
  • develop the habit of reading widely and often, for both pleasure and information
  • acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language
  • appreciate our rich and varied literary heritage
  • write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences
  • use discussion in order to learn; they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas
  • are competent in the arts of speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others and participating in debate

Spoken language

The national curriculum for English reflects the importance of spoken language in pupils’ development across the whole curriculum – cognitively, socially and linguistically. Spoken language continues to underpin the development of pupils’ reading and writing during key stages 3 and 4 and we therefore encourage the development of pupils’ confidence and competence in this area. Pupils are taught to understand and use the conventions for discussion and debate, as well as continuing to develop their skills in working collaboratively with their peers to discuss reading, writing and speech across the curriculum.

Reading and writing

Reading at key stages 3 and 4 aims to be wide, varied and challenging. Pupils are expected to read whole books, to read in depth and to read for pleasure and information.

Pupils continue to develop their skills in writing, refining their drafting skills and developing resilience to write at length. They are taught to write formal and academic essays as well as writing imaginatively. They are taught to write for a variety of purposes and audiences across a range of contexts. This requires an increasingly wide knowledge of vocabulary and grammar.

Opportunities for the range of pupils’ vocabulary to be broadened will arise naturally from their reading and writing. Pupils are shown how to understand the relationships between words, how to understand nuances in meaning, and how to develop their understanding of, and ability to use, figurative language.

Pupils are taught to control their speaking and writing consciously, to understand why sentences are constructed as they are and to use Standard English. They are taught to understand and use age-appropriate vocabulary, including linguistic and literary terminology, for discussing their reading, writing and spoken language. This involves consolidation, practice and discussion of language. Pupils are taught the correct grammatical terms in English and these terms are integrated within teaching.

We build on the knowledge and skills that pupils have been taught at earlier key stages. Pupils whose linguistic development is more advanced are challenged through being offered opportunities for increased breadth and depth in reading and writing. Those who are less fluent consolidate their knowledge, understanding and skills through additional practice.

Key Stage 3 - Specific subject content

Reading

Pupils are taught to:

  • develop an appreciation and love of reading, and read increasingly challenging material independently through:
    • reading a wide range of fiction and non-fiction, including in particular whole books, short stories, poems and plays with a wide coverage of genres, historical periods, forms and authors. The range will include high-quality works from:
      • English literature, both pre-1914 and contemporary, including prose, poetry and drama
      • Shakespeare (two plays)
      • seminal world literature
    • choosing and reading books independently for challenge, interest and enjoyment
  • understand increasingly challenging texts through:
    • learning new vocabulary, relating it explicitly to known vocabulary and understanding it with the help of context and dictionaries
    • making inferences and referring to evidence in the text
    • knowing the purpose, audience for and context of the writing and drawing on this knowledge to support comprehension
    • checking their understanding to make sure that what they have read makes sense
  • read critically through:
    • knowing how language, including figurative language, vocabulary choice, grammar, text structure and organisational features, presents meaning
    • recognising a range of poetic conventions and understanding how these have been used
    • studying setting, plot, and characterisation, and the effects of these
    • understanding how the work of dramatists is communicated effectively through performance and how alternative staging allows for different interpretations of a play
    • making critical comparisons across texts
    • studying a range of authors, including at least two authors in depth each year

Writing

Pupils are taught to:

  • write accurately, fluently, effectively and at length for pleasure and information through:
    • writing for a wide range of purposes and audiences, including:
      • well-structured formal expository and narrative essays
      • stories, scripts, poetry and other imaginative writing
      • notes and polished scripts for talks and presentations
      • a range of other narrative and non-narrative texts, including arguments, and personal and formal letters
    • summarising and organising material, and supporting ideas and arguments with any necessary factual detail
    • applying their growing knowledge of vocabulary, grammar and text structure to their writing and selecting the appropriate form
    • drawing on knowledge of literary and rhetorical devices from their reading and listening to enhance the impact of their writing
    • plan, draft, edit and proof-read through:
    • considering how their writing reflects the audiences and purposes for which it was intended
    • amending the vocabulary, grammar and structure of their writing to improve its coherence and overall effectiveness
    • paying attention to accurate grammar, punctuation and spelling

Grammar and vocabulary

Pupils are taught to:

  • consolidate and build on their knowledge of grammar and vocabulary through:
    • extending and applying the grammatical knowledge set out in the key stage 1 and 2 programmes of study to analyse more challenging texts
    • studying the effectiveness and impact of the grammatical features of the texts they read
    • drawing on new vocabulary and grammatical constructions from their reading and listening, and using these consciously in their writing and speech to achieve particular effects
    • knowing and understanding the differences between spoken and written language, including differences associated with formal and informal registers, and between Standard English and other varieties of English
    • using Standard English confidently in their own writing and speech
    • discussing reading, writing and spoken language with precise and confident use of linguistic and literary terminology

Spoken English

Pupils are taught to:

  • speak confidently and effectively, including through:
    • using Standard English confidently in a range of formal and informal contexts, including classroom discussion
    • giving short speeches and presentations, expressing their own ideas and keeping to the point
    • participating in formal debates and structured discussions, summarising and/or building on what has been said
    • improvising, rehearsing and performing play scripts and poetry in order to generate language and discuss language use and meaning, using role, intonation, tone, volume, mood, silence, stillness and action to add impact

Key Stage 4 - Specific subject content

Reading

Pupils are taught to:

  • read and appreciate the depth and power of the English literary heritage through:
    • reading a wide range of high-quality, challenging, classic literature and extended literary non-fiction, such as essays, reviews and journalism. The range will include:
      • at least one play by Shakespeare
      • works from the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries
      • poetry since 1789, including representative Romantic poetry
    • re-reading literature and other writing as a basis for making comparisons
    • choosing and reading books independently for challenge, interest and enjoyment
  • understand and critically evaluate texts through:
    • reading in different ways for different purposes, summarising and synthesising ideas and information, and evaluating their usefulness for particular purposes
    • drawing on knowledge of the purpose, audience for and context of the writing, including its social, historical and cultural context and the literary tradition to which it belongs, to inform evaluation
    • identifying and interpreting themes, ideas and information
    • exploring aspects of plot, characterisation, events and settings, the relationships between them and their effects
    • seeking evidence in the text to support a point of view, including justifying inferences with evidence distinguishing between statements that are supported by evidence and those that are not, and identifying bias and misuse of evidence
    • analysing a writer’s choice of vocabulary, form, grammatical and structural features, and evaluating their effectiveness and impact
    • making critical comparisons, referring to the contexts, themes, characterisation, style and literary quality of texts, and drawing on knowledge and skills from wider reading
    • make an informed personal response, recognising that other responses to a text are possible and evaluating these

Writing

Pupils are taught to:

  • write accurately, fluently, effectively and at length for pleasure and information through:
    • adapting their writing for a wide range of purposes and audiences: to describe, narrate, explain, instruct, give and respond to information, and argue
    • selecting and organising ideas, facts and key points, and citing evidence, details and quotation effectively and pertinently for support and emphasis
    • selecting, and using judiciously, vocabulary, grammar, form, and structural and organisational features, including rhetorical devices, to reflect audience, purpose and context, and using Standard English where appropriate
  • make notes, draft and write, including using information provided by others [e.g. writing a letter from key points provided; drawing on and using information from a presentation]
  • revise, edit and proof-read through:
    • reflecting on whether their draft achieves the intended impact
    • restructuring their writing, and amending its grammar and vocabulary to improve coherence, consistency, clarity and overall effectiveness
    • paying attention to the accuracy and effectiveness of grammar, punctuation and spelling.

Grammar and vocabulary

Pupils are taught to:

  • consolidate and build on their knowledge of grammar and vocabulary through:
    • studying their effectiveness and impact in the texts they read
    • drawing on new vocabulary and grammatical constructions from their reading and listening, and using these consciously in their writing and speech to achieve particular effects
    • analysing some of the differences between spoken and written language, including differences associated with formal and informal registers, and between Standard English and other varieties of English
    • using linguistic and literary terminology accurately and confidently in discussing reading, writing and spoken language

Spoken English

Pupils are taught to:

  • speak confidently, audibly and effectively, including through:
    • using Standard English when the context and audience require it
    • working effectively in groups of different sizes and taking on required roles, including leading and managing discussions, involving others productively, reviewing and summarising, and contributing to meeting goals/deadlines
    • listening to and building on the contributions of others, asking questions to clarify and inform, and challenging courteously when necessary
    • planning for different purposes and audiences, including selecting and organising information and ideas effectively and persuasively for formal spoken presentations and debates
    • listening and responding in a variety of different contexts, both formal and informal, and evaluating content, viewpoints, evidence and aspects of presentation
    • improvising, rehearsing and performing play scripts and poetry in order to generate language and discuss language use and meaning, using role, intonation, tone, volume, mood, silence, stillness and action to add impact

Year 11 pupils are entered for two GCSEs, English Language and English Literature.

From September 2015, pupils will be taught the new WJEC Eduqas courses.